a reader? hmmm i maybe wrong with the vet and the breeding part..what ever takes your fancy..but regardless my point is the training and teaching of any kind of animal or person should be taken as an individual and not used as a general all round use of teaching.(and of course what i am talking about are the finer things in training not the generalised parts)..each animal person etc should be taught according to their behaviours and reactions etc...i am not accusing of anyone being wrong after "breaking in" a large amount of horses, i am only offering a more deeper and collected reasoning for behaviours in what ever species. i still dont agree with vindictive horse only badly behaved which are due to past experiences whether or not it has had a bad experience everything deletes distorts and generalises (did you know a human deletes distorts and generalizes over 32,000 bits of information per second, this is how we get peoples different version of the same event etc) all in so many different ways the information going in. if you get a horse with a deformaty and acts vindictive that is not generally its fault and it is only the behaviour it has HAD to ADAPT to, is it something that we can help with? i am unsure as every horse i have worked with that has claimed to be a nutter or "something" wrong with, it has never shown any signs of nasty or vindictive behaviour in my veiw and always has come out of that behaviour but once it gets home back to the same surroundings and strategies that is another story. has anyone come across a situation with a horse with such a bad deformaty that is was vindictive or vicious at all...just out of curiosity...? i suppose i look at this stuff very differently with the training i have done with human and animal behaviour neuro linguistic programming etc (it goes deeper than just the surface and i go into the reasoning for the behaviour. it is only my thoughts on the subject. I sit and ponder on the higher branch of the tree which not many tend to be able to see which the tree below me is below me and actually not apart of the branch which i sit and ponder on.